Basic Orthodontic Knowledge - Master Orthodontics

Basic Orthodontic Knowledge

Ever hear all those dental words being thrown around and feel out of the loop? Here is a guide to common dental terms that you may need to know.

Hook – Could also be called a Kobe tie; attached to a bracket or band, that serves as an attachment point for rubber bands or elastics.

Band – A metal ring is cemented with glue to a tooth for strength and anchoring braces. When orthodontic bands are required, they are most often placed on the back teeth or molars providing a stable foundation for braces. Brackets and wires can be attached directly to orthodontic bands once they are in place.

Steel Tie and Lace – Used to cinch down the wire on a bracket and provide an extra secure hold.

O- Ring – Also called color ties or ligature ties;single rubber color that is put around a bracket in order to keep the wire in place

Chain – Elastic and stretchable series of connected O-rings that are placed around brackets in order to help secure arch wires in place.

Brackets – Brackets are the tools that hold the upper and lower arch wire. Each bracket is attached to a tooth (either by banding or bonding) and holds the wire that is then secured to it with elastic bands.

Arch Wires – A thin metal wire connecting each bracket puts pressure on teeth in order to help guide them into place. The wire exerts a gentle force so that the brackets remain in place when tied in the arch wire.

The information provided in this article is not meant to be medical advice and is for educational purposes only. If you would like to learn more about this and other orthodontic-related topics, feel free to contact Master Orthodontics by clicking here or by calling 360-692-4811.